The National Headline Sustainability Indicators are used to report on progress towards ecologically sustainable development for Australia. The report, published in 2002, can be found on the Department of Environment and Heritage website at www.deh.gov.au . The ‘values’ are those used in the table in this report.
The Indicators serve to address the objectives of the National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development, that is to:
- enhance individual and community wellbeing and welfare by following a path of economic development that safeguards the welfare of future generations
- provide for equity within and between generations
- protect biological diversity and maintain essential ecological processes and life-support systems.
The National Headline Sustainability Indicators are intended to be read together because each in itself says little about sustainability from a broad perspective. This requirement is a challenge to today’s society, which is not well accustomed to dealing with issues in a holistic manner. The more the topic is discussed across all sectors of society, the greater will be our prospects of becoming a sustainable society.
|Table: ACT progress towards sustainability according to the National Headline Sustainability Indicators|
|Values||ACT Equivalent to National Headline Sustainability Indicator*||Result for 2000–03||Desired trend||Actual trend**|
|Living standards and economic wellbeing||1. Real Gross State Product per capita (June 2003) (2002–03)||$45,794||Up||Up|
|2. Gross household disposable income per capita||$36,831||Up||Up|
|Education and Skills||3. Percentage of people aged 15 and over who attained post-secondary qualifications including vocational training (2001)||46.3%||Up||Up|
|Healthy living||4. Life expectancy at birth (1999–2001)||78.5 male 82.9 female||Up||Up|
|Air quality||5. Number of occasions where concentrations of pollutants exceeded NEPM standards for ambient air quality||22||Down||Up|
|6. Total NOx and particulate emissions (2002–03)||9.5 million kg||Down||Up|
|Economic capacity||7. Growth in Multi-factor Productivity (Gross product per combined unit of labour and capital) for latest year||No ACT data||Up||Unknown|
|Industry performance||8. Real GSP per capita (June 2003)||$45,794||Up||Up|
|Economic security||9. Average household net worth (2000)||$308,965||Up||Up|
|Management of water||10. Proportion of water management units with use within 70% of sustainable yield for (i) groundwater and (ii) surface water||(i) 88% (ii)97%||Up Up||Unknown Unknown|
|Management of forests||11. Total area of all forest type||Not applicable due to fire extent|
|Management of fish||12. Percentage of major Commonwealth managed harvested wild fish species classified as fully or under-fished||Not applicable to the ACT|
|Management of energy||13. (i) Renewable energy use as shown by Greenchoice customers as a proportion of total customers (ActewAGL only)||3.2%||Up||Up|
|(ii) Total renewable energy sold (ActewAGL only for 2002–03)||51.4 GWh||Up||Up|
|Management of agriculture||14. Total area of land used for agricultural production (hectares)||38,567||Variable||Down|
|Economic and gender equity||15. Adult female full-time average weekly earnings as a proportion of adult male full time average weekly earnings (May 2003)||82.2%||Up||Steady|
|Economic and education equity||16. Percentage difference in year 12 completion between average of top three deciles and total population (2001)||2%||Down||Steady|
|Economic and health equity||17. Percentage difference in burden of life years lost due to disability or mortality between bottom and top socio-economic quintile||No data||Down||Unknown|
|Locational equity||18. Percentage difference in the year 12 completion rate between urban and remote locations||Not applicable to the ACT|
|Biodiversity and ecological integrity||19. (i) Proportion of biogeographic subregions with greater than 30 percent of original vegetative cover||100%||Up||Steady|
|(ii) Proportion of biogeographic subregions with greater than 10 percent of the subregion’s area in protected areas||100%||Up||Up|
|20. (i) number of extinct, endangered and vulnerable species||24||Down||Up|
|(ii) number of endangered ecological communities||2||Down||Up|
|Climate change||21. Total net Greenhouse gas emissions (year 2000) (Mt CO2-e)||3.980||Down||Up|
|Coastal and marine health||22. Estuarine condition index||Not applicable to the ACT|
|Freshwater health||23. Proportion of assessed sites which are with high in-stream biodiversity, based on macro-invertebrate community structure assessed using AusRivAS||8% (1 out of 13)||Up||Down|
|Land health||24. Proportion of assessed ACT subcatchments that are in moderate or good condition||0%||Up||Down|
* Dates are given for the data reported in the results column when data do not refer to the 2000–03 reporting period.
** Trends over the last decade (1994–2004).